FAR 52.227-13 Patent Rights—Ownership by the Government. Basic (Dec 2007) (Current)

As prescribed at 27.303(e),

(1) except as provided in paragraph (e)(2) of this section, and after compliance with the applicable procedures in 27.304-1(b), the contracting officer may insert the clause at 52.227-13, Patent Rights—Ownership by the Government, or a clause prescribed by agency supplemental regulations, if—

    (i) The contractor is not located in the United States or does not have a place of business located in the United States or is subject to the control of a foreign government;

    (ii) There are exceptional circumstances and the agency head determines that restriction or elimination of the right to retain title to any subject invention will better promote the policy and objectives of chapter 18 of title 35 of the United States Code;

    (iii) A Government authority that is authorized by statute or executive order to conduct foreign intelligence or counterintelligence activities, determines that restriction or elimination of the right to retain any subject invention is necessary to protect the security of such activities; or

(iv) The contract includes the operation of a Government-owned, contractor-operated facility of DOE primarily dedicated to that Department’s naval nuclear propulsion or weapons related programs.

(2) If an agency exercises the exceptions at paragraph (e)(1)(ii) or (iii) of this section in a contract with a small business concern or a nonprofit organization, the contracting officer shall use the clause at 52.227-11 with only those modifications necessary to address the exceptional circumstances and shall include in the modified clause greater rights determinations procedures equivalent to those at 52.227-13(b)(2).

(3) When using the clause at 52.227-13, Patent Rights—Ownership by the Government, the contracting officer may supplement the clause to require the contractor to—

    (i) Furnish a copy of each subcontract containing a patent rights clause (but if a copy of a subcontract is furnished under another clause, a duplicate shall not be requested under the patent rights clause);

    (ii) Submit interim and final invention reports listing subject inventions and notifying the contracting officer of all subcontracts awarded for experimental, developmental, or research work;

    (iii) Provide the filing date, serial number, title, patent number, and issue date for any patent application filed on any subject invention in any country or, upon specific request, copies of any patent application so identified; and

    (iv) Submit periodic reports on the utilization of a subject invention.

(4) Use the clause at 52.227-13 with its Alternate I if—

    (i) The Government must grant a foreign government a sublicense in subject inventions pursuant to a treaty or executive agreement; or

    (ii) The agency head determines, at contract award, that it would be in the national interest to sublicense foreign governments or international organizations pursuant to any existing or future treaty or agreement. If other rights are necessary to effectuate any treaty or agreement, Alternate I may be appropriately modified.

(5) Use the clause at 52.227-13 with its Alternate II in the contract when necessary to effectuate an existing or future treaty or agreement.

Patent Rights—Ownership by the Government (Dec 2007)

(a) Definitions. As used in this clause—

“Invention” means any invention or discovery that is or may be patentable or otherwise protectable under title 35 of the U.S. Code or any variety of plant that is or may be protectable under the Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2321et seq.)

“Made” means—

    (1) When used in relation to any invention other than a plant variety, means the conception or first actual reduction to practice of the invention; or

    (2) When used in relation to a plant variety, means that the Contractor has at least tentatively determined that the variety has been reproduced with recognized characteristics.

“Practical application” means to manufacture, in the case of a composition or product; to practice, in the case of a process or method; or to operate, in the case of a machine or system; and, in each case, under such conditions as to establish that the invention is being utilized and that its benefits are, to the extent permitted by law or Government regulations, available to the public on reasonable terms.

“Subject invention” means any invention of the Contractor made in the performance of work under this contract.

(b) Ownership.

    (1) Assignment to the Government. The Contractor shall assign to the Government title throughout the world to each subject invention, except to the extent that rights are retained under paragraphs (b)(2) and (d) of this clause.

    (2) Greater rights determinations.

        (i) The Contractor, or an employee-inventor after consultation with the Contractor, may request greater rights than the nonexclusive license provided in paragraph (d) of this clause. The request for a greater rights must be submitted to the Contracting Officer at the time of the first disclosure of the subject invention pursuant to paragraph (e)(2) of this clause, or not later than 8 months thereafter, unless a longer period is authorized in writing by the Contracting Officer for good cause shown in writing by the Contractor. Each determination of greater rights under this contract normally shall be subject to paragraph (c) of this clause, and to the reservations and conditions deemed to be appropriate by the agency.

        (ii) Upon request, the Contractor shall provide the filing date, serial number and title, a copy of the patent application (including an English-language version if filed in a language other than English), and patent number and issue date for any subject invention in any country for which the Contractor has retained title.

        (iii) Upon request, the Contractor shall furnish the agency an irrevocable power to inspect and make copies of the patent application file.

(c) Minimum rights acquired by the Government.

    (1) Regarding each subject invention to which the Contractor retains ownership, the Contractor agrees as follows:

        (i) The Government will have a nonexclusive, nontransferable, irrevocable, paid-up license to practice, or have practiced for or on its behalf, the subject invention throughout the world.

        (ii) The agency has the right to require licensing pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 203 and 210(c) and in accordance with the procedures set forth in 37 CFR 401.6 and any supplemental regulations of the agency in effect on the date of the contract award.

        (iii) Upon request, the Contractor shall submit periodic reports no more frequently than annually on the utilization, or efforts to obtain utilization, of a subject invention by the Contractor or its licensees or assignees. The reports shall include information regarding the status of development, date of first commercial sale or use, gross royalties received by the Contractor, and any other data and information as the agency may reasonably specify. The Contractor also shall provide additional reports as may be requested by the agency in connection with any march-in proceedings undertaken by the agency in accordance with paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this clause. To the extent data or information supplied under this section is considered by the Contractor, or its licensees, or assignees to be privileged and confidential and is so marked, the agency, to the extent permitted by law, will not disclose such information to persons outside the Government.

        (iv) When licensing a subject invention, the Contractor shall—

            (A) Ensure that no royalties are charged on acquisitions involving Government funds, including funds derived through a Military Assistance Program of the Government or otherwise derived through the Government;

            (B) Refund any amounts received as royalty charges on a subject invention in acquisitions for, or on behalf of, the Government;

            (C) Provide for this refund in any instrument transferring rights in the subject invention to any party.

        (v) When transferring rights in a subject invention, the Contractor shall provide for the Government’s rights set forth in paragraphs (c)(1)(i) through (c)(1)(iv) of this clause.

    (2) Nothing contained in paragraph (c) of this clause shall be deemed to grant to the Government rights in any invention other than a subject invention.

(d) Minimum rights to the Contractor.

    (1) The Contractor is hereby granted a revocable, nonexclusive, paid-up license in each patent application filed in any country on a subject invention and any resulting patent in which the Government obtains title, unless the Contractor fails to disclose the subject invention within the times specified in paragraph (e)(2) of this clause. The Contractor’s license extends to any of its domestic subsidiaries and affiliates within the corporate structure of which the Contractor is a part, and includes the right to grant sublicenses to the extent the Contractor was legally obligated to do so at contract award. The license is transferable only with the written approval of the agency except when transferred to the successor of that part of the Contractor’s business to which the subject invention pertains.

    (2) The Contractor’s license may be revoked or modified by the agency to the extent necessary to achieve expeditious practical application of the subject invention in a particular country in accordance with the procedures in FAR 27.302(i)(2) and 27.304-1(f).

    (3) When the Government elects not to apply for a patent in any foreign country, the Contractor retains rights in that foreign country to apply for a patent, subject to the Government’s rights in paragraph (c)(1) of this clause.

(e) Invention identification, disclosures, and reports.

    (1) The Contractor shall establish and maintain active and effective procedures to educate its employees in order to assure that subject inventions are promptly identified and disclosed to Contractor personnel responsible for patent matters. The procedures shall include the maintenance of laboratory notebooks or equivalent records and other records as are reasonably necessary to document the conception and/or the first actual reduction to practice of subject inventions, and records that show the procedures for identifying and disclosing subject inventions are followed. Upon request, the Contractor shall furnish the Contracting Officer a description of these procedures for evaluation and for a determination as to their effectiveness.

    (2) The Contractor shall disclose in writing each subject invention to the Contracting Officer within 2 months after the inventor discloses it in writing to Contractor personnel responsible for patent matters or, if earlier, within 6 months after the Contractor becomes aware that a subject invention has been made, but in any event before any on sale (i.e., sale or offer for sale), public use, or publication of the subject invention known to the Contractor. The disclosure shall identify the contract under which the subject invention was made and the inventor(s). It shall be sufficiently complete in technical detail to convey a clear understanding of the subject invention. The disclosure shall also identify any publication, on sale, or public use of the subject invention and whether a manuscript describing the subject invention has been submitted for publication and, if so, whether it has been accepted for publication. In addition, after disclosure to the agency, the Contractor shall promptly notify the Contracting Officer of the acceptance of any manuscript describing the subject invention for publication and any on sale or public use.

    (3) The Contractor shall furnish the Contracting Officer the following:

        (i) Interim reports every 12 months (or a longer period as may be specified by the Contracting Officer) from the date of the contract, listing subject inventions during that period, and stating that all subject inventions have been disclosed (or that there are none) and that the procedures required by paragraph (e)(1) of this clause have been followed.

        (ii) A final report, within 3 months after completion of the contracted work, listing all subject inventions or stating that there were none, and listing all subcontracts at any tier containing a patent rights clause or stating that there were none.

    (4) The Contractor shall require, by written agreement, its employees, other than clerical and nontechnical employees, to disclose promptly in writing to personnel identified as responsible for the administration of patent matters and in the Contractor’s format each subject invention in order that the Contractor can comply with the disclosure provisions of paragraph (c) of this clause, and to execute all papers necessary to file patent applications on subject inventions and to establish the Government’s rights in the subject inventions. This disclosure format should require, as a minimum, the information required by paragraph (e)(2) of this clause. The Contractor shall instruct such employees, through employee agreements or other suitable educational programs, as to the importance of reporting inventions in sufficient time to permit the filing of patent applications prior to U.S. or foreign statutory bars.

    (5) Subject to FAR 27.302(i), the Contractor agrees that the Government may duplicate and disclose subject invention disclosures and all other reports and papers furnished or required to be furnished pursuant to this clause.

(f) Examination of records relating to inventions.

    (1) The Contracting Officer or any authorized representative shall, until 3 years after final payment under this contract, have the right to examine any books (including laboratory notebooks), records, and documents of the Contractor relating to the conception or first actual reduction to practice of inventions in the same field of technology as the work under this contract to determine whether—

        (i) Any inventions are subject inventions;

        (ii) The Contractor has established and maintains the procedures required by paragraphs (e)(1) and (e)(4) of this clause; and

        (iii) The Contractor and its inventors have complied with the procedures.

    (2) The Contractor shall disclose to the Contracting Officer, for the determination of ownership rights, any unreported invention that the Contracting Officer believes may be a subject invention.

    (3) Any examination of records under paragraph (f) of this clause will be subject to appropriate conditions to protect the confidentiality of the information involved.

(g) Withholding of payment. (This paragraph does not apply to subcontracts.)

    (1) Any time before final payment under this contract, the Contracting Officer may, in the Government's interest, withhold payment until a reserve not exceeding $50,000 or 5 percent of the amount of this contract, whichever is less, shall have been set aside if, in the Contracting Office’s opinion, the Contractor fails to—

        (i) Establish, maintain, and follow effective procedures for identifying and disclosing subject inventions pursuant to paragraph (e)(1) of this clause;

        (ii) Disclose any subject invention pursuant to paragraph (e)(2) of this clause;

        (iii) Deliver acceptable interim reports pursuant to paragraph (e)(3)(i) of this clause; or

        (iv) Provide the information regarding subcontracts pursuant to paragraph (i)(4) of this clause.

    (2) The Contracting Officer will withhold the reserve or balance until the Contracting Officer has determined that the Contractor has rectified whatever deficiencies exist and has delivered all reports, disclosures, and other information required by this clause.

    (3) The Contracting Officer will not make final payment under this contract before the Contractor delivers to the Contracting Officer, as required by this clause, all disclosures of subject inventions, an acceptable final report, and all due confirmatory instruments.

    (4) The Contracting Officer may decrease or increase the sums withheld up to the maximum authorized. The Contracting Officer will not withhold any amount under this paragraph while the amount specified by this paragraph is being withheld under other provisions of the contract. The withholding of any amount or the subsequent payment shall not be construed as a waiver of any Government rights.

(h) Preference for United States industry. Unless provided otherwise, neither the Contractor nor any assignee shall grant to any person the exclusive right to use or sell any subject invention in the United States unless the person agrees that any products embodying the subject invention or produced through the use of the subject invention will be manufactured substantially in the United States. However, in individual cases, the requirement may be waived by the agency upon a showing by the Contractor or assignee that reasonable but unsuccessful efforts have been made to grant licenses on similar terms to potential licensees that would be likely to manufacture substantially in the United States or that, under the circumstances, domestic manufacture is not commercially feasible.

(i) Subcontracts.

    (1) The Contractor shall include the substance of the patent rights clause required by FAR Subpart 27.3 in all subcontracts for experimental, developmental, or research work. The prescribed patent rights clause must be modified to identify the parties as follows: references to the Government are not changed, and the subcontractor has all rights and obligations of the Contractor in the clause. The Contractor shall not, as part of the consideration for awarding the subcontract, obtain rights in the subcontractor’s subject inventions.

    (2) In the event of a refusal by a prospective subcontractor to accept the clause, the Contractor—

        (i) Shall promptly submit a written notice to the Contracting Officer setting forth the subcontractor’s reasons for such refusal and other pertinent information that may expedite disposition of the matter; and

        (ii) Shall not proceed with such subcontract without the written authorization of the Contracting Officer.

    (3) In subcontracts at any tier, the agency, the subcontractor, and the Contractor agree that the mutual obligations of the parties created by the patent rights clause constitute a contract between the subcontractor and the agency with respect to those matters covered by this clause.

    (4) The Contractor shall promptly notify the Contracting Officer in writing upon the award of any subcontract at any tier containing a patent rights clause by identifying the subcontractor, the applicable patent rights clause, the work to be performed under the subcontract, and the dates of award and estimated completion. Upon request of the Contracting Officer, the Contractor shall furnish a copy of such subcontract, and, no more frequently than annually, a listing of the subcontracts that have been awarded.

(End of clause)

(1) The Contractor shall include the substance of the patent rights clause required by FAR Subpart 27.3 in all subcontracts for experimental, developmental, or research work. The prescribed patent rights clause must be modified to identify the parties as follows: references to the Government are not changed, and the subcontractor has all rights and obligations of the Contractor in the clause. The Contractor shall not, as part of the consideration for awarding the subcontract, obtain rights in the subcontractor’s subject inventions. (2) In the event of a refusal by a prospective subcontractor to accept the clause, the Contractor— (i) Shall promptly submit a written notice to the Contracting Officer setting forth the subcontractor’s reasons for such refusal and other pertinent information that may expedite disposition of the matter; and (ii) Shall not proceed with such subcontract without the written authorization of the Contracting Officer. (3) In subcontracts at any tier, the agency, the subcontractor, and the Contractor agree that the mutual obligations of the parties created by the patent rights clause constitute a contract between the subcontractor and the agency with respect to those matters covered by this clause. (4) The Contractor shall promptly notify the Contracting Officer in writing upon the award of any subcontract at any tier containing a patent rights clause by identifying the subcontractor, the applicable patent rights clause, the work to be performed under the subcontract, and the dates of award and estimated completion. Upon request of the Contracting Officer, the Contractor shall furnish a copy of such subcontract, and, no more frequently than annually, a listing of the subcontracts that have been awarded.

Mandatory (Exception);
Not a major defense system ✖ Non-R&D ✖ 

52.227-1 Authorization and Consent.

52.227-10 Filing of Patent Applications—Classified Subject Matter.

52.227-11 Patent Rights—Ownership by the Contractor.

52.227-14 Rights in Data—General.

52.227-15 Representation of Limited Rights Data and Restricted Computer Software.

52.227-16 Additional Data Requirements.

52.227-17 Rights in Data—Special Works.

52.227-19 Commercial Computer Software License.

52.227-2 Notice and Assistance Regarding Patent and Copyright Infringement.

52.227-20 Rights in Data—SBIR Program.

52.227-21 Technical Data Declaration, Revision, and Withholding of Payment—Major Systems.

52.227-22 Major System—Minimum Rights.

52.227-23 Rights to Proposal Data (Technical).

52.227-3 Patent Indemnity.

52.227-4 Patent Indemnity—Construction Contracts.

52.227-6 Royalty Information.

52.227-7 Patents—Notice of Government Licensee.

52.227-9 Refund of Royalties.

252.217-7026 Identification of Sources of Supply.

252.227-7000 Non-Estoppel.

252.227-7001 Release of Past Infringement.

252.227-7002 Readjustment of Payments.

252.227-7003 Termination.

252.227-7004 License Grant.

252.227-7005 License Term.

252.227-7006 License Grant---Running Royalty.

252.227-7007 License Term--Running Royalty.

252.227-7008 Computation of Royalties.

252.227-7009 Reporting and Payment of Royalties.

252.227-7010 License to Other Government Agencies.

252.227-7011 Assignments.

252.227-7013 Rights in Technical Data--Noncommercial Items.

252.227-7014 Rights in Noncommercial Computer Software and Noncommercial Computer Software Documentation.

252.227-7015 Technical Data–Commercial Items.

252.227-7016 Rights in Bid or Proposal Information.

252.227-7017 Identification and Assertion of Use, Release, or Disclosure Restrictions.

252.227-7018 Rights in Noncommercial Technical Data and Computer Software--Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.

252.227-7019 Validation of Asserted Restrictions--Computer Software.

252.227-7020 Rights in Special Works.

252.227-7021 Rights in Data--Existing Works.

252.227-7022 Government Rights (Unlimited).

252.227-7023 Drawings and Other Data to Become Property of Government.

252.227-7024 Notice and Approval of Restricted Designs.

252.227-7025 Limitations on the Use or Disclosure of Government-Furnished Information Marked with Restrictive Legends.

252.227-7026 Deferred Delivery of Technical Data or Computer Software.

252.227-7027 Deferred Ordering of Technical Data or Computer Software.

252.227-7028 Technical Data or Computer Software Previously Delivered to the Government.

252.227-7032 Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software (Foreign).

252.227-7037 Validation of Restrictive Markings on Technical Data.

252.227-7038 Patent Rights—Ownership by the Contractor (Large Business).

252.227-7039 Patents--Reporting of Subject Inventions.

252.246-7001 Warranty of Data.

1852.227-11 Patent Rights--Retention by the Contractor (Short Form).

1852.227-14 Rights in Data--General.

1852.227-19 Commercial Computer Software--Restricted Rights.

1852.227-70 New Technology-Other than a Small Business Firm or Nonprofit Organization.

1852.227-71 Requests for Waiver of Rights to Inventions.

1852.227-72 Designation of New Technology Representative and Patent Representative.

1852.227-84 Patent Rights Clauses.

1852.227-85 Invention Reporting and Rights--Foreign.

1852.227-86 Commercial Computer Software--Licensing.

1852.227-88 Government-furnished computer software and related technical data.

5252.246-9514 INSPECTION AND ACCEPTANCE OF TECHNICAL DATA AND INFORMATION (NAVAIR)(FEB 1995)

5252.247-9505 TECHNICAL DATA AND INFORMATION (NAVAIR)(FEB 1995)

5252.227-9501 Invention Disclosures and Reports (NAVAIR) (May 1998)

5252.227-9511 Disclosure, Use and Protection of Proprietary Information (NAVAIR) (Feb 2009)

5252.227-9216 Pre-award Identification and Assertion of Restrictions on Technical Data Pertaining to a Commercial Item and Commercial Computer Software

5252.227-9512 TRADEMARK MANUFACTURE/USE LICENSE AGREEMENT (NAVAIR)

552.227-70 Government Rights (Unlimited).

552.227-71 Drawings and Other Data to Become Property of Government.

752.227-14 Rights in Data—general.

752.227-70 Patent reporting procedures.

952.227-84 Notice of right to request patent waiver.

970.5204-3 Access to and ownership of records.

970.5227-1 Rights in Data—Facilities

970.5227-2 Rights in Data—Technology Transfer.

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