FAR 52.227-14 Rights in Data—General. Alt IV (Dec 2007) (Current)

As prescribed in 27.409(b)(1), insert the clause at 52.227-14, Rights in Data—General, in solicitations and contracts if it is contemplated that data will be produced, furnished, or acquired under the contract, unless the contract is—

(i) For the production of special works of the type set forth in 27.405-1, although in these cases insert the clause at 52.227-14, Rights in Data—General, and make it applicable to data other than special works, as appropriate (see paragraph (e) of this section);

(ii) For the acquisition of existing data, commercial computer software, or other existing data, as described in 27.405-2 through 27.405-4 (see paragraphs (f) and (g) of this section);

(iii) A small business innovation research contract (see paragraph (h) of this section);

(iv) To be performed outside the United States (see paragraph (i)(1) of this section);

(v) For architect-engineer services or construction work (see paragraph (i)(2) of this section);

(vi) For the management, operation, design, or construction of a Government-owned facility to perform research, development, or production work (see paragraph (i)(3) of this section); or

(vii) A contract involving cosponsored research and development in which a clause providing for less than unlimited right has been authorized (see 27.408).

(2) If an agency determines, in accordance with 27.404-2(b), to adopt the alternate definition of “Limited Rights Data” in paragraph (a) of the clause, use the clause with its Alternate I.

(3) If a contracting officer determines, in accordance with27.404-2(c) that it is necessary to obtain limited rights data, use the clause with its Alternate II. The contracting officer shall complete paragraph (g)(3) to include the purposes, if any, for which limited rights data are to be disclosed outside the Government.

(4) In accordance with 27.404-2(d), if a contracting officer determines it is necessary to obtain restricted computer software, use the clause with its Alternate III. Any greater or lesser rights regarding the use, reproduction, or disclosure of restricted computer software than those set forth in the Restricted Rights Notice of paragraph (g)(4) of the clause shall be specified in the contract and the notice modified accordingly.

(5) Use the clause with its Alternate IV in contracts for basic or applied research (other than those for the management or operation of Government facilities, and contracts and subcontracts in support of programs being conducted at those facilities or where international agreements require otherwise) to be performed solely by universities and colleges. The clause may be used with its Alternate IV in other contracts if in accordance with 27.404-3(a), an agency determines to grant permission for the contractor to assert claim to copyright subsisting in all data first produced without further request being made by the contractor. When Alternate IV is used, the contract may exclude items or categories of data from the permission granted, either by express provisions in the contract or by the addition of a paragraph (d)(4) to the clause (see 27.404-4).

(6) In accordance with 27.404-6, if the Government needs the right to inspect certain data at a contractor’s facility, use the clause with its Alternate V.

Rights in Data—General Alternate IV (Dec 2007)

(a) Definitions. As used in this clause—

“Computer database” or “database means” a collection of recorded information in a form capable of, and for the purpose of, being stored in, processed, and operated on by a computer. The term does not include computer software.

“Computer software”—

    (1) Means

        (i) Computer programs that comprise a series of instructions, rules, routines, or statements, regardless of the media in which recorded, that allow or cause a computer to perform a specific operation or series of operations; and

        (ii) Recorded information comprising source code listings, design details, algorithms, processes, flow charts, formulas, and related material that would enable the computer program to be produced, created, or compiled.

    (2) Does not include computer databases or computer software documentation.

“Computer software documentation” means owner’s manuals, user’s manuals, installation instructions, operating instructions, and other similar items, regardless of storage medium, that explain the capabilities of the computer software or provide instructions for using the software.

“Data” means recorded information, regardless of form or the media on which it may be recorded. The term includes technical data and computer software. The term does not include information incidental to contract administration, such as financial, administrative, cost or pricing, or management information.

“Form, fit, and function data” means data relating to items, components, or processes that are sufficient to enable physical and functional interchangeability, and data identifying source, size, configuration, mating and attachment characteristics, functional characteristics, and performance requirements. For computer software it means data identifying source, functional characteristics, and performance requirements but specifically excludes the source code, algorithms, processes, formulas, and flow charts of the software.

“Limited rights” means the rights of the Government in limited rights data as set forth in the Limited Rights Notice of paragraph (g)(3) if included in this clause.

“Limited rights data” means data, other than computer software, that embody trade secrets or are commercial or financial and confidential or privileged, to the extent that such data pertain to items, components, or processes developed at private expense, including minor modifications.

“Restricted computer software” means computer software developed at private expense and that is a trade secret, is commercial or financial and confidential or privileged, or is copyrighted computer software, including minor modifications of the computer software.

“Restricted rights,” as used in this clause, means the rights of the Government in restricted computer software, as set forth in a Restricted Rights Notice of paragraph (g) if included in this clause, or as otherwise may be provided in a collateral agreement incorporated in and made part of this contract, including minor modifications of such computer software.

“Technical data” means recorded information (regardless of the form or method of the recording) of a scientific or technical nature (including computer databases and computer software documentation). This term does not include computer software or financial, administrative, cost or pricing, or management data or other information incidental to contract administration. The term includes recorded information of a scientific or technical nature that is included in computer databases (See 41 U.S.C. 116).

“Unlimited rights” means the rights of the Government to use, disclose, reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, in any manner and for any purpose, and to have or permit others to do so.

(b) Allocation of rights.

    (1) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this clause, the Government shall have unlimited rights in—

        (i) Data first produced in the performance of this contract;

        (ii) Form, fit, and function data delivered under this contract;

        (iii) Data delivered under this contract (except for restricted computer software) that constitute manuals or instructional and training material for installation, operation, or routine maintenance and repair of items, components, or processes delivered or furnished for use under this contract; and

        (iv) All other data delivered under this contract unless provided otherwise for limited rights data or restricted computer software in accordance with paragraph (g) of this clause.

    (2) The Contractor shall have the right to—

        (i) Assert copyright in data first produced in the performance of this contract to the extent provided in paragraph (c)(1) of this clause;

        (ii) Use, release to others, reproduce, distribute, or publish any data first produced or specifically used by the Contractor in the performance of this contract, unless provided otherwise in paragraph (d) of this clause;

        (iii) Substantiate the use of, add, or correct limited rights, restricted rights, or copyright notices and to take other appropriate action, in accordance with paragraphs (e) and (f) of this clause; and

        (iv) Protect from unauthorized disclosure and use those data that are limited rights data or restricted computer software to the extent provided in paragraph (g) of this clause.

(c) Copyright—

    (1) Data first produced in the performance of this contract.

        (i) Unless provided otherwise in paragraph (d) of this clause, the Contractor may, without prior approval of the Contracting Officer, assert copyright in scientific and technical articles based on or containing data first produced in the performance of this contract and published in academic, technical or professional journals, symposia proceedings, or similar works. The prior, express written permission of the Contracting Officer is required to assert copyright in all other data first produced in the performance of this contract.

        (ii) When authorized to assert copyright to the data, the Contractor shall affix the applicable copyright notices of 17 U.S.C. 401 or 402, and an acknowledgment of Government sponsorship (including contract number).

        (iii) For data other than computer software, the Contractor grants to the Government, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable, worldwide license in such copyrighted data to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly by or on behalf of the Government. For computer software, the Contractor grants to the Government, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable, worldwide license in such copyrighted computer software to reproduce, prepare derivative works, and perform publicly and display publicly (but not to distribute copies to the public) by or on behalf of the Government.

    (1) Data first produced in the performance of the contract. Except as otherwise specifically provided in this contract, the Contractor may assert copyright in any data first produced in the performance of this contract. When asserting copyright, the Contractor shall affix the applicable copyright notice of 17 U.S.C. 401 or 402, and an acknowledgment of Government sponsorship (including contract number), to the data when such data are delivered to the Government, as well as when the data are published or deposited for registration as a published work in the U.S. Copyright Office. For data other than computer software, the Contractor grants to the Government, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable, worldwide license for all such data to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the Government. For computer software, the Contractor grants to the Government and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable, worldwide license for all such computer software to reproduce, prepare derivative works, and perform publicly and display publicly (but not to distribute copies to the public), by or on behalf of the Government.

    (2) Data not first produced in the performance of this contract. The Contractor shall not, without the prior written permission of the Contracting Officer, incorporate in data delivered under this contract any data not first produced in the performance of this contract unless the Contractor—

        (i) Identifies the data; and

        (ii) Grants to the Government, or acquires on its behalf, a license of the same scope as set forth in paragraph (c)(1) of this clause or, if such data are restricted computer software, the Government shall acquire a copyright license as set forth in paragraph (g)(4) of this clause (if included in this contract) or as otherwise provided in a collateral agreement incorporated in or made part of this contract.

    (3) Removal of copyright notices. The Government will not remove any authorized copyright notices placed on data pursuant to this paragraph (c), and will include such notices on all reproductions of the data.

(d) Release, publication, and use of data. The Contractor shall have the right to use, release to others, reproduce, distribute, or publish any data first produced or specifically used by the Contractor in the performance of this contract, except—

    (1) As prohibited by Federal law or regulation (e.g., export control or national security laws or regulations);

    (2) As expressly set forth in this contract; or

    (3) If the Contractor receives or is given access to data necessary for the performance of this contract that contain restrictive markings, the Contractor shall treat the data in accordance with such markings unless specifically authorized otherwise in writing by the Contracting Officer.

(e) Unauthorized marking of data.

    (1) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this contract concerning inspection or acceptance, if any data delivered under this contract are marked with the notices specified in paragraph (g)(3) or (g) (4) if included in this clause, and use of the notices is not authorized by this clause, or if the data bears any other restrictive or limiting markings not authorized by this contract, the Contracting Officer may at any time either return the data to the Contractor, or cancel or ignore the markings. However, pursuant to 41 U.S.C. 4703, the following procedures shall apply prior to canceling or ignoring the markings.

        (i) The Contracting Officer will make written inquiry to the Contractor affording the Contractor 60 days from receipt of the inquiry to provide written justification to substantiate the propriety of the markings;

        (ii) If the Contractor fails to respond or fails to provide written justification to substantiate the propriety of the markings within the 60-day period (or a longer time approved in writing by the Contracting Officer for good cause shown), the Government shall have the right to cancel or ignore the markings at any time after said period and the data will no longer be made subject to any disclosure prohibitions.

        (iii) If the Contractor provides written justification to substantiate the propriety of the markings within the period set in paragraph (e)(1)(i) of this clause, the Contracting Officer will consider such written justification and determine whether or not the markings are to be cancelled or ignored. If the Contracting Officer determines that the markings are authorized, the Contractor will be so notified in writing. If the Contracting Officer determines, with concurrence of the head of the contracting activity, that the markings are not authorized, the Contracting Officer will furnish the Contractor a written determination, which determination will become the final agency decision regarding the appropriateness of the markings unless the Contractor files suit in a court of competent jurisdiction within 90 days of receipt of the Contracting Officer’s decision. The Government will continue to abide by the markings under this paragraph (e)(1)(iii) until final resolution of the matter either by the Contracting Officer’s determination becoming final (in which instance the Government will thereafter have the right to cancel or ignore the markings at any time and the data will no longer be made subject to any disclosure prohibitions), or by final disposition of the matter by court decision if suit is filed.

    (2) The time limits in the procedures set forth in paragraph (e)(1) of this clause may be modified in accordance with agency regulations implementing the Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552) if necessary to respond to a request thereunder.

    (3) Except to the extent the Government’s action occurs as the result of final disposition of the matter by a court of competent jurisdiction, the Contractor is not precluded by paragraph (e) of the clause from bringing a claim, in accordance with the Disputes clause of this contract, that may arise as the result of the Government removing or ignoring authorized markings on data delivered under this contract.

(f) Omitted or incorrect markings.

    (1) Data delivered to the Government without any restrictive markings shall be deemed to have been furnished with unlimited rights. The Government is not liable for the disclosure, use, or reproduction of such data.

    (2) If the unmarked data has not been disclosed without restriction outside the Government, the Contractor may request, within 6 months (or a longer time approved by the Contracting Officer in writing for good cause shown) after delivery of the data, permission to have authorized notices placed on the data at the Contractor’s expense. The Contracting Officer may agree to do so if the Contractor—

        (i) Identifies the data to which the omitted notice is to be applied;

        (ii) Demonstrates that the omission of the notice was inadvertent;

        (iii) Establishes that the proposed notice is authorized; and

        (iv) Acknowledges that the Government has no liability for the disclosure, use, or reproduction of any data made prior to the addition of the notice or resulting from the omission of the notice.

    (3) If data has been marked with an incorrect notice, the Contracting Officer may—

        (i) Permit correction of the notice at the Contractor’s expense if the Contractor identifies the data and demonstrates that the correct notice is authorized; or

        (ii) Correct any incorrect notices.

(g) Protection of limited rights data and restricted computer software.

    (1) The Contractor may withhold from delivery qualifying limited rights data or restricted computer software that are not data identified in paragraphs (b)(1)(i), (ii), and (iii) of this clause. As a condition to this withholding, the Contractor shall—

        (i) Identify the data being withheld; and

        (ii) Furnish form, fit, and function data instead.

    (2) Limited rights data that are formatted as a computer database for delivery to the Government shall be treated as limited rights data and not restricted computer software.

    (3) [Reserved]

(h) Subcontracting. The Contractor shall obtain from its subcontractors all data and rights therein necessary to fulfill the Contractor’s obligations to the Government under this contract. If a subcontractor refuses to accept terms affording the Government those rights, the Contractor shall promptly notify the Contracting Officer of the refusal and shall not proceed with the subcontract award without authorization in writing from the Contracting Officer.

(i) Relationship to patents or other rights. Nothing contained in this clause shall imply a license to the Government under any patent or be construed as affecting the scope of any license or other right otherwise granted to the Government.

(End of clause)

(h) Subcontracting. The Contractor shall obtain from its subcontractors all data and rights therein necessary to fulfill the Contractor’s obligations to the Government under this contract. If a subcontractor refuses to accept terms affording the Government those rights, the Contractor shall promptly notify the Contracting Officer of the refusal and shall not proceed with the subcontract award without authorization in writing from the Contracting Officer.

Prime’s obligation;
Large business ✖ Small business ✖ Outside U.S. ✖ Construction ✖ Architect-Eng ✖ 

52.227-1 Authorization and Consent.

52.227-10 Filing of Patent Applications—Classified Subject Matter.

52.227-11 Patent Rights—Ownership by the Contractor.

52.227-13 Patent Rights—Ownership by the Government.

52.227-15 Representation of Limited Rights Data and Restricted Computer Software.

52.227-16 Additional Data Requirements.

52.227-17 Rights in Data—Special Works.

52.227-19 Commercial Computer Software License.

52.227-2 Notice and Assistance Regarding Patent and Copyright Infringement.

52.227-20 Rights in Data—SBIR Program.

52.227-21 Technical Data Declaration, Revision, and Withholding of Payment—Major Systems.

52.227-22 Major System—Minimum Rights.

52.227-23 Rights to Proposal Data (Technical).

52.227-3 Patent Indemnity.

52.227-4 Patent Indemnity—Construction Contracts.

52.227-6 Royalty Information.

52.227-7 Patents—Notice of Government Licensee.

52.227-9 Refund of Royalties.

252.217-7026 Identification of Sources of Supply.

252.227-7000 Non-Estoppel.

252.227-7001 Release of Past Infringement.

252.227-7002 Readjustment of Payments.

252.227-7003 Termination.

252.227-7004 License Grant.

252.227-7005 License Term.

252.227-7006 License Grant---Running Royalty.

252.227-7007 License Term--Running Royalty.

252.227-7008 Computation of Royalties.

252.227-7009 Reporting and Payment of Royalties.

252.227-7010 License to Other Government Agencies.

252.227-7011 Assignments.

252.227-7013 Rights in Technical Data--Noncommercial Items.

252.227-7014 Rights in Noncommercial Computer Software and Noncommercial Computer Software Documentation.

252.227-7015 Technical Data–Commercial Items.

252.227-7016 Rights in Bid or Proposal Information.

252.227-7017 Identification and Assertion of Use, Release, or Disclosure Restrictions.

252.227-7018 Rights in Noncommercial Technical Data and Computer Software--Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.

252.227-7019 Validation of Asserted Restrictions--Computer Software.

252.227-7020 Rights in Special Works.

252.227-7021 Rights in Data--Existing Works.

252.227-7022 Government Rights (Unlimited).

252.227-7023 Drawings and Other Data to Become Property of Government.

252.227-7024 Notice and Approval of Restricted Designs.

252.227-7025 Limitations on the Use or Disclosure of Government-Furnished Information Marked with Restrictive Legends.

252.227-7026 Deferred Delivery of Technical Data or Computer Software.

252.227-7027 Deferred Ordering of Technical Data or Computer Software.

252.227-7028 Technical Data or Computer Software Previously Delivered to the Government.

252.227-7032 Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software (Foreign).

252.227-7037 Validation of Restrictive Markings on Technical Data.

252.227-7038 Patent Rights—Ownership by the Contractor (Large Business).

252.227-7039 Patents--Reporting of Subject Inventions.

252.246-7001 Warranty of Data.

1852.227-11 Patent Rights--Retention by the Contractor (Short Form).

1852.227-14 Rights in Data--General.

1852.227-19 Commercial Computer Software--Restricted Rights.

1852.227-70 New Technology-Other than a Small Business Firm or Nonprofit Organization.

1852.227-71 Requests for Waiver of Rights to Inventions.

1852.227-72 Designation of New Technology Representative and Patent Representative.

1852.227-84 Patent Rights Clauses.

1852.227-85 Invention Reporting and Rights--Foreign.

1852.227-86 Commercial Computer Software--Licensing.

1852.227-88 Government-furnished computer software and related technical data.

5252.246-9514 INSPECTION AND ACCEPTANCE OF TECHNICAL DATA AND INFORMATION (NAVAIR)(FEB 1995)

5252.247-9505 TECHNICAL DATA AND INFORMATION (NAVAIR)(FEB 1995)

5252.227-9501 Invention Disclosures and Reports (NAVAIR) (May 1998)

5252.227-9511 Disclosure, Use and Protection of Proprietary Information (NAVAIR) (Feb 2009)

5252.227-9216 Pre-award Identification and Assertion of Restrictions on Technical Data Pertaining to a Commercial Item and Commercial Computer Software

5252.227-9512 TRADEMARK MANUFACTURE/USE LICENSE AGREEMENT (NAVAIR)

552.227-70 Government Rights (Unlimited).

552.227-71 Drawings and Other Data to Become Property of Government.

752.227-14 Rights in Data—general.

752.227-70 Patent reporting procedures.

952.227-84 Notice of right to request patent waiver.

970.5204-3 Access to and ownership of records.

970.5227-1 Rights in Data—Facilities

970.5227-2 Rights in Data—Technology Transfer.

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